The resolution adopted by the French Senate on January 17, 2024, condemns Azerbaijan’s policy of cultural heritage destruction in Nagorno-Karabakh

On January 17, 2024, the French Senate passed a resolution, with a vote of 336 to 1, addressing various pressing matters, including the condemnation of Azerbaijan's cultural heritage destruction in Nagorno-Karabakh.

In particular, the resolution "Calls for the respect of cultural and religious heritage by the international obligations of Azerbaijan and Armenia and strongly condemns the encroachments on Armenian monuments, relics, collections, and cultural values in Nagorno-Karabakh."

The resolution emphasizes the urgent necessity of including the preservation of Nagorno-Karabakh's heritage on the agenda of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. Furthermore, there is a pressing call to remove Azerbaijan from this committee.

Emphasizes the immediate necessity to establish and dispatch an international group of experts under the auspices of UNESCO to Nagorno-Karabakh. Their mission would be to compile an informative report on the current status of cultural and religious heritage in the region (

The French Senate additionally condemned the Azerbaijani aggression against the people of Artsakh on September 19 and 20, 2023. Furthermore, it advocated for the establishment of conditions that would ensure the safe return of the people of Artsakh to their ancestral lands.

The French Senate stated that Artsakh has not been dissolved, that the Karabakh problem has not yet been finally settled. In particular, the resolution states "The French Senate strongly condemns the military attack carried out by Azerbaijan with the support of its allies on September 19 and 20, 2023 in Nagorno Karabakh, which led to the expulsion of almost the entire Armenian population living there.

The Senate emphasizes that respecting the right of peoples to self-determination, which extends to the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh, is the sole path to achieving lasting peace between Azerbaijan and Armenia. It underscores that states are obligated to respect and safeguard this right. Consequently, the international community is compelled to demand that Azerbaijan undertake all necessary measures to guarantee the Armenian population's right to return to Nagorno-Karabakh under conditions that ensure their safety and well-being.

The French also emphasize the significance of protecting the cultural and religious heritage of Nagorno-Karabakh. In this regard, they welcome the establishment of an international group of experts by UNESCO, intended to visit Artsakh and address the prevailing issues.

Perhaps one of the key points of the resolution adopted by the French Senate is that Paris, strongly condemning the Azerbaijani aggression against the sovereign territory of Armenia, calls for the immediate withdrawal of the occupying troops of that country from the territory of Armenia.