Surb Astvatsatsin Church of Tsamdzor


The Surb Astvatsatsin Church is located in the Tsamdzor village center, in the Hadrut region (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1 The Church from the South, 2017, photo by G. Budaghyan.

Historical overview

Tsamdzor village is about 15 kilometers southwest of Hadrut city. As a result of Operation Ring, Armenians were evacuated from the village for the first time in 1991. It was liberated in 1992.

The village has been occupied by Azerbaijan since October 2020.

Architectural-compositional examination

The monument is a three-nave hall with a rectangular architectural plan and two pairs of pylons that end in the east with a semicircular tabernacle. The tabernacle is attached to southern and northern sacristies (Fig. 2).The only entrance is on the south side and is lit by five small windows (Fig. 3).

It measures 14.6 meters in length, 10 meters in width, and 7.5 meters in height. The roof is vaulted inwardly and is covered in tinplate outwardly.

The date of the church's construction (1696) is engraved on one of the two stones enchased in the upper part of the church entrance, while the other is 1818, which is most likely the date of the church's renovation (Fig. 4). Khachkars and a tombstone with an inscription are enchased into the walls (Fig. 5).

The church was used for economic purposes during the Soviet era.

Fig. 2 The interior of the church. The photo is from the database of the Republic of Artsakh's "State Service for the Protection of the Historical Environment" SNCO.

Fig. 4 The constructional inscription of the church, 2017, photo by G. Budaghyan.

The condition before, during and after the war

The church was in good condition prior to the war. It was not damaged during the first and second Artsakh wars' military operations. There is no information available regarding the post-war situation.

Fig. 3 The entrance to the church, 2017, photo by G. Budaghyan.

Fig. 5 One of the khachkars enchased on the church wall, 2017, photo by G. Budaghyan.


  1. Barkhutarian M., Artsakh, Baku, 1895.
  2. Mkrtchyan Sh., Historical and architectural monuments of Nagorno Karabakh, Yerevan, 1985.
Surb Astvatsatsin Church of Tsamdzor
Surb Astvatsatsin Church of Tsamdzor
Surb Astvatsatsin Church of Tsamdzor